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Essential Elements of an IoT Core Platform
David Patterson and Chris Cooper formed KnowNow as a "Big Data & Internet of Things" company. KnowNow are also the creators of the open ‘kn-i’ platform.
Article | February 17, 2020
Implementation of the “Internet of Things” in the modern world is gaining pace at breakneck speed. Society is moving away from standalone devices and entering the realm of inter-connectivity. With uses in different facets of life, such as personal gadgets, retail, electricity distribution and financial services, IoT is making its mark. One such application field of IoT is in Smart Homes, or more specifically in the Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning industry (HVAC). According to a report by Zion Market Research, the global smart HVAC control market is expected to reach almost USD 28.3 billion by 2025 as compared to USD 8.3 billion in 2018. Amalgamation of the HVAC industry and IoT provides for vastly superior customer-centric services, enabling remote appliance control as a first step.
While the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is maturing rapidly, there’s often a strong link to Artificial intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) tools to manage data flows. This raises a host of challenges including connectivity, security, storage and modeling requirements. Designers of IIoT devices and larger deployments must build in contingencies for shifts in these areas or risk falling short. While IIoT is gaining in maturity, the overall market still has many challenges to overcome. Some of these challenges are technical barriers to IoT device operation, such as connectivity standards and battery technology, but the picture is even wider than that. The world of IIoT not only requires IoT hardware to operate reliably and efficiently in all environments but also relies on supporting networks and services too. The result is that IIoT deployments cannot be viewed as isolated technology upgrades or productivity drives, but highly interconnected ecosystems sensitive to a wide range of variables – in particular the developing world of AI.
Pharma is big business, but what it’s not generally recognized is, in large part, a manufacturing business with complex supply chains, finicky chemical processes and products that have to meet stringent quality controls. Few of those outside the industry think about how drugs are made safely, efficiently and at scale with reliable quality and in precisely measured doses. Even more interesting is the simple fact that pharma often produces sophisticated drugs using manufacturing processes that are decades out of date, and which are being phased out in comparable industries, such as chemical manufacturing.
Both Zigbee® and Bluetooth® wireless protocols are widely used for local communications in Internet of Things (IoT) applications, and there are some trade-offs to review in choosing the right one for your application. Each protocol has unique strengths that guide which solution to implement when designing a new network. In certain situations, one protocol will be a better fit than the other, though sometimes the right solution is to implement both together to take advantage of their combined strengths, as we will discuss in this article. To better understand these IoT protocol options, let's take a look at the advantages and limitations of Zigbee, followed by the same for three different "flavors" of Bluetooth: Classic, BLE, and BT Mesh. This will help explain the trade-offs and show some use cases for each, so that you can choose the optimal protocol for your IoT application - be it a smart city, industrial IoT, digital signage or other connected technology use case.
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