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EVENTS

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Urb-IoT 2018 - 3rd EAI International Conference on IoT in Urban Space
URB-IOT 2018 - 3RD EAI INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON IOT IN URBAN SPACE
November 20-23, 2018
Urban spaces are man-made microcosms where a number of entities interact with each other to offer citizens a variety of services, for instance, buildings and infrastructure, transportation, utility, public safety, healthcare or education. The interplay between this multitude of connecting entities c...

ASIA IOT BUSINESS PLATFORM MYANMAR (27TH EDITION)
ASIA IOT BUSINESS PLATFORM MYANMAR (27TH EDITION)
November 22-23, 2018
Asia IoT Business Platform provides an avenue for international technology solution providers to understand the issues local governments and enterprises in Asia face in deploying digital transformation projects. With events held annually in China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore...

PROTOTYPING IOT PRODUCTS: BEST PRACTICES AND NEW TECHNOLOGIES
PROTOTYPING IOT PRODUCTS: BEST PRACTICES AND NEW TECHNOLOGIES
November 22-26, 2018
As IoT has developed, the variety and technical capabilities of these boards have only become more complex. They need to progress through the hardware development and design process. Join us on the 22nd of November to learn more about the new technologies in prototyping IoT products from the experts...

INTERNET OF MANUFACTURING
INTERNET OF MANUFACTURING
November 28-29, 2018
Internet of Manufacturing Southwest US is the only event bringing together C/VP Level business and technology executives from leading manufacturers, to share best practices and inspire new revenue opportunities. This two-day conference and delivers high-level presentations, hands-on and interactive ...

Blockchain Expo North America
BLOCKCHAIN EXPO NORTH AMERICA
November 28-29, 2018
Blockchain Expo, the leading global blockchain for a business event, is returning to Silicon Valley this November. 2017 saw over 10,500 delegates coming together for the co-located Blockchain Expo, IoT Tech Expo, and AI Expo, and this growth is expected to continue into 2018. The event offers confer...

IOT TECH EXPO NORTH AMERICA 2018
IOT TECH EXPO NORTH AMERICA 2018
November 28-29, 2018
The IoT Tech Expo North America is part of the world’s largest Internet of Things event series, and it will return to the Santa Clara Convention Center in the heart of Silicon Valley on November 28-29 2018. The event which will introduce and explore the latest innovations across the entire IoT...

3rd EAI International Conference on Industrial IoT Technologies and Applications
3RD EAI INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INDUSTRIAL IOT TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS
December 02-03, 2018
Welcome to 2018 3rd International Conference on Industrial IoT Technologies and Applications (IndustrialIoT 2018), to be held in Beijing. The conference is organized by the EAI (European Alliance for Innovation). In recent years, the widespread deployment of wireless sensor networks, industrial clou...

AI World Conference and Expo
AI WORLD CONFERENCE AND EXPO
December 03-05, 2018
AI World Conference and Expo is focused on the state of the practice of artificial intelligence in the enterprise. Now in our third year, the 3-day conference and expo are designed for business and technology executives who want to learn about innovative implementations of AI in the enterprise. Ente...

4th Annual IoT Security Foundation Conference
4TH ANNUAL IOT SECURITY FOUNDATION CONFERENCE
December 04-04, 2018
The 4th Annual IoT Security Foundation Conference is a one-day event that follows on from the 2017 ‘Knowing It’s Safe To Connect’ and 2016 ‘Building an Internet of Trust’Conference at IET Savoy Place, 2015’s IoTSF Conference held at the Royal Society and the origi...

 IEEE GCIoT
 IEEE GCIOT
December 05-07, 2018
Themed "Smart Sustainable Cities", the conference will offer three full days of original paper presentations, tutorials, workshops, keynotes, demonstrations, industry sessions and social events designed to further career opportunities and the in-depth understanding of the latest IoT and re...

1st IEEE Workshop on Blockchain in IoT
1ST IEEE WORKSHOP ON BLOCKCHAIN IN IOT
December 09-09, 2018
Billions of smart devices will be available in digital world due the advancement of the Internet of Things (IoT). However, it also would create serious security, privacy, and connectivity service provisioning and data storage challenges. The current centralized architecture models in IoT systems wil...

CES 2019
CES 2019
January 08-11, 2019
CES is the world's gathering place for all those who thrive on the business of consumer technologies. It has served as the proving ground for innovators and breakthrough technologies for 50 years — the global stage where next-generation innovations are introduced to the marketplace.

The Internet of Things Meets the Internet of Space
THE INTERNET OF THINGS MEETS THE INTERNET OF SPACE
January 20-21, 2019
The Summit is a call to action for those interested in the science, engineering, and deployment of space and terrestrial components, products, and services that are important to the emerging Space Infrastructure and to the Internet of Things. The theme for the Summit is “The Internet of Things...

The Oil and Gas IOT Summit
THE OIL AND GAS IOT SUMMIT
January 23-24, 2019
The Oil and Gas IOT Summit will bring together worldwide operators, EPCs, regulators, technology providers and all other major stakeholders to share their insights on capitalising on IIoT and spearheading the industry back into optimal business growth. This important and timely event provides the an...

Industrial IoT Conference
INDUSTRIAL IOT CONFERENCE
January 28-31, 2019
The Internet of Things is disrupting old business models and creating opportunity, transformation and exciting new avenues for growth in companies of all kinds.

Driving Growth and Opportunity through Industrial IoT Solutions
DRIVING GROWTH AND OPPORTUNITY THROUGH INDUSTRIAL IOT SOLUTIONS
January 29-01, 2019
The Internet of Things is disrupting old business models and creating opportunity, transformation and exciting new avenues for growth in companies of all kinds. Get Insight on the massive opportunity to increase the productivity and efficiency of your manufacturing and production processes. Meet wit...

IoT Evolution Healthcare Conference
IOT EVOLUTION HEALTHCARE CONFERENCE
January 29-01, 2019
IoT Evolution Health is laser focused on showing attendees how IoT technologies, and associated business initiatives, can improve patient outcomes, drive down costs and expand patient's treatment options. This is the leading education and networking forum for Healthcare Enterprises, IoT develope...

Global Digital Forum
GLOBAL DIGITAL FORUM
February 12-13, 2019
Join us at Global Digital Forum as the world thought leaders and professionals are gathered to bridge the gap between innovation and business growth. We welcome you all as we are set to interface with the technology we need to practice or should practice for sustainable business growth. Global Digit...

IoT in Oil & Gas Canada 2019
IOT IN OIL & GAS CANADA 2019
February 13-14, 2019
The IoT in Oil & Gas 2019 Conference will continue to focus on helping operators drive down costs and increase efficiencies. Energy Conference Network's IoT in Oil & Gas Conference series is the world's leading series of IoT in oil and gas events. Since 2015 over 4,000 attendees and ...

IoT Conference
IOT CONFERENCE
February 13-15, 2019
IoT Conference will bring decision makers and other IoT Visionaries and experts to shed light on the latest trends in the IoT. It will be the premier platform for sharing, discussing and witnessing cutting-edge research in all areas of development for the Internet of Things and beyond.

Saudi  IoT 2019 Conference
SAUDI IOT 2019 CONFERENCE
February 13-15, 2019
Saudi IoT Conference and Workshops will take place alongside the Saudi IoT Exhibition. This will bring decision makers and other IoT Visionaries and experts to shed light on the latest trends in the IoT. Saudi IoT Conference 2019 is building on the success of its previous edition. It will be the pre...

Industry of Things World USA
INDUSTRY OF THINGS WORLD USA
March 06-08, 2019
Coming back for the 4th year, Industry of Things World USA is the only event running over 3 days that focuses on the impact of the industrial IoT on business models and production processes across all major industries. This event is part of the award-winning Industry of Things World global event ser...

Smart IOT
SMART IOT
March 12-13, 2019
The conference will cover scalable, secure platforms where data can be acquired and managed according to standards, as well as considering how devices connect and communicate seamlessly with all connected systems and infrastructure.

The Industrial IOT Strategies Summit
THE INDUSTRIAL IOT STRATEGIES SUMMIT
March 13-14, 2019
IIOT – The Industrial Internet – is redefining the industrial landscape, providing dramatic productivity and efficiency improvements throughout the production and distribution process. Estimates for the economic impact are off the scale, but as always there will be winners and losers. Wh...

IoT Forum Africa 2019
IOT FORUM AFRICA 2019
March 26-27, 2019
Prepare for what’s happening in your industry — with industry-focused content in break-away sessions throughout the conference. Drive business growth with insights on disruption and innovation in your specific industry. The Internet of Things requires improved security controls and bette...

2019 SMART CITY SUMMIT & EXPO
2019 SMART CITY SUMMIT & EXPO
March 26-29, 2019
The growing ecosystem of Artificial Intelligence marks a new era of smart city. Our featured worldwide innovations and insights will open your eyes to the transforming industry.The openness of smart city creates cross-industry efforts together. Meet global leaders and decision makers with the widest...

IoT Asia
IOT ASIA
March 27-28, 2019
The 6th edition of IoT Asia is a dedicated business platform at the forefront of creating collaboration and knowledge sharing opportunities for professionals in the Internet of Things value chain. The event connects technology solution providers, enablers, end-users and potential IoT technology adop...

IoT Asia 2019
IOT ASIA 2019
March 27-28, 2019
IoT Asia is an event where one can discover the latest IoT solutions and innovations that bring value and benefits to governments, enterprises, and individuals. It will address current and impending developments in blockchain – why it is happening, why now, and the practical aspects of how ent...

Smart Cities Connect Conference and Expo
SMART CITIES CONNECT CONFERENCE AND EXPO
April 01-04, 2019
We provide meaningful content and connect a thoughtful community of decision-makers to empower smart cities at all stages of growth. We accelerate the adoption of smart technology solutions, aid in problem solving, and amplify city resources for the betterment of cities, communities, and their citiz...

Internet of Things Expo
INTERNET OF THINGS EXPO
April 02-04, 2019
Internet of Things Expo and Conference (ioTx) is the regions gathering place for all who thrive on the business digitisation and transformation. It serves an international dialogue on the internet of Things, market needs, and innovative solutions with keynote speakers comprised of industry executive...

2ND ANNUAL IOT – CONNECTED SMART CARS AND VEHICLES FORUM
2ND ANNUAL IOT – CONNECTED SMART CARS AND VEHICLES FORUM
April 04-05, 2019
IoT technologies and services are rapidly transforming the entire landscape of the automotive industry. Internet of Things (IoT) is emerging as the axis to direct integration of the physical world into unified cyber-physical systems, improving accuracy, efficiency and efficacy of remotely controlled...

2ND ANNUAL IOT - CONNECTED SMART CARS AND VEHICLES FORUM
2ND ANNUAL IOT - CONNECTED SMART CARS AND VEHICLES FORUM
April 04-05, 2019
IoT technologies and services are rapidly transforming the entire landscape of the automotive industry. Internet of Things (IoT) is emerging as the axis to direct integration of the physical world into unified cyber-physical systems, improving accuracy, efficiency and efficacy of remotely controlled...

Smart Home+City Indonesia 2019
SMART HOME+CITY INDONESIA 2019
April 04-06, 2019
Smart Home+ City Indonesia 2018 is returning its 2nd edition of the exhibition presenting premier section entitled Smart IoT Indonesia 2018. The exhibition which will also present the Indonesia IoT & Smart City Conference 2018 is seeking key contributors to deliver thought provoking content at t...

Special Track on Internet of Things (IoT)
SPECIAL TRACK ON INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT)
April 08-12, 2019
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of smart objects with pervasive and autonomous communication through internet connectivity. It has been emerged as a powerful and promising technology with significant technical, social and economic impacts. However, there are also lots of challenges to over...

Internet of Things Summit
INTERNET OF THINGS SUMMIT
April 10-11, 2019
This summit will gather over 100 IoT, Big Data, and Analytics experts providing insight for two days of keynote speakers, interactive workshops and open forum discussion. Come experience how industries are capitalizing on IoT, and leave with key takeaways to tackle your companies challenges.

Connecting the EDGE
CONNECTING THE EDGE
April 10-11, 2019
We address the real opportunity for the Internet of Things, not hype. Business models, case studies, opportunities and profitability are all covered. We focus on assessing end user requirements and bring the latest diverse technologies and applications.

IEEE 5th World Forum on Internet of Things
IEEE 5TH WORLD FORUM ON INTERNET OF THINGS
April 15-18, 2019
The IEEE 5th World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT) will be held on the spectacular parkland setting of the University of Limerick. The historic city of Limerick is located in the heart of the beautiful midwest region of Ireland, on the magnificent Wild Atlantic Way. We look forward to extending...

Industrial IoT USA
INDUSTRIAL IOT USA
April 17-18, 2019
The Industrial IoT USA Summit is designed to bring together both business executives and technical IT specialists from forward-thinking companies in the manufacturing, energy and transportation industries, with dedicated keynote sessions addressing the whole conference.

IoT-SNAP 2019
IOT-SNAP 2019
April 23-25, 2019
The Internet of Things (IoT) smart objects on the planet are predicted to reach 200 billion entities by 2020, and by 2022 M2M traffic is expected to constitute almost a half of the whole Internet traffic. IoT offers a great market opportunity both for sensor device and M2M communication platformer a...

The Leading Global IoT Conference
THE LEADING GLOBAL IOT CONFERENCE
April 25-26, 2019
The World’s Largest IoT Conference Series; the IoT Tech Expo event will bring together key industries from across the globe for 2 days of top level content and discussion. Exploring the latest innovations within the Internet of Things and covering the impact it has on many industries including...

LIVING IN THE IOT 2019: REALISING THE SOCIOECONOMIC BENEFITS OF AN INTERCONNECTED WORLD
LIVING IN THE IOT 2019: REALISING THE SOCIOECONOMIC BENEFITS OF AN INTERCONNECTED WORLD
May 01-02, 2019
This 2nd Living in the IoT Conference combines academic research with industry case studies, demonstrating safeguards for IoT cybersecurity as well as exploring critical issues in privacy, ethics, trust, reliability, acceptability and security.

4th International Conference On Internet of things,Big data and Security
4TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INTERNET OF THINGS,BIG DATA AND SECURITY
May 02-04, 2019
The internet of things (IoT) is a platform that allows a network of devices (sensors, smart meters, etc.) to communicate, analyse data and process information collaboratively in the service of individuals or organisations. The IoT network can generate large amounts of data in a variety of formats an...

IoTBDS 2019
IOTBDS 2019
May 02-04, 2019
The internet of things (IoT) is a platform that allows a network of devices (sensors, smart meters, etc.) to communicate, analyse data and process information collaboratively in the service of individuals or organisations. The IoT network can generate large amounts of data in a variety of formats an...

COINS: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON OMNI-LAYER INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS
COINS: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON OMNI-LAYER INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS
May 05-07, 2019
The Intelligent Internet of Things (IoT) tsunami is affecting every aspect of our daily lives, ranging from smart cars, smart homes, smart cities, smart factories to smart health, and smart environments. Although IoT vastly expanded the possibilities to fulfill many of our needs, numerous challenges...

IOT IN ACTION. FROM STRATEGY TO IMPLEMENTATION TO RESULTS.
IOT IN ACTION. FROM STRATEGY TO IMPLEMENTATION TO RESULTS.
May 13-16, 2019
Internet of Things World is the world’s largest IoT event, bringing you the top technologies, strategies and case studies for every industry IoT impacts. 12,000 leaders and innovators from across the IoT ecosystem will converge in one place, creating the ultimate opportunity for networking and...

IoT World Forum 2019
IOT WORLD FORUM 2019
May 15-16, 2019
Latest keynotes at IoT World Forum 2019. Stay tuned! More keynotes to include Cisco, Siemens, SAP, IBM,BT, Orange, TELE2, Octoupus Energy, Deutsche Telekom and many more!

Smart IoT Hong Kong
SMART IOT HONG KONG
May 22-23, 2019
The Smart IoT Hong Kong will provide a platform to be inspired by so many world-class speakers in a multi-stream including Microsoft, Google, UBS, Norman Disney & Young, Intel DCM, Panduit, Schneider Electric and many others. It provide the opportunity to learn first-hand from dozens of case stu...

IoT Festival Conference
IOT FESTIVAL CONFERENCE
May 30-30, 2019
The IoT Festival showcases the dramatic transformations and new world of opportunities made possible by the Internet of Things. With more than 20 Billion devices connected to the internet by 2020, IoT is an industrial revolution for the 21st Century. Discover the latest developments defining the fut...

ICIOT 2019 : 21st International Conference on Internet of Things
ICIOT 2019 : 21ST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INTERNET OF THINGS
June 04-05, 2019
The ICIOT 2019: 21st International Conference on Internet of Things aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results about all aspects of Internet of Things. It also provides the premier interdisciplina...

4TH ANNUAL IOT, BIG DATA HEALTHCARE SUMMIT
4TH ANNUAL IOT, BIG DATA HEALTHCARE SUMMIT
June 11-12, 2019
IoT, Big Data Healthcare Summit is gathering healthcare professionals and solution providers under one roof from past three years in Toronto. This ideal platform provides an opportunity to know, learn and discuss intelligent tech which is reshaping the healthcare sector i.e., IoT, Big Data, Artifici...

IoT Week 2019
IOT WEEK 2019
June 17-21, 2019
IoT is continually challenging status quo and massively affecting our everyday lives. We believe the potential is enormous and that Applied IoT enables all of us to make better decisions – for our environment, society and businesses. IoT Week is the place where tomorrow’s tech meets busi...

Global Iot Summit
GLOBAL IOT SUMMIT
June 17-21, 2019
IEEE Global IoT Summit (GIoTS) is a scientific conference that presents scientific papers on the most recent IoT research results with the aim to bring together the research and industry communities active in the IoT domain. The GIoTS conference is collocated with IoT Week and is endorsed by IEEE an...

Wireless,Telecommunication & IoT
WIRELESS,TELECOMMUNICATION & IOT
June 20-21, 2019
Wireless 2019 conference is to study and share knowledge on Wireless, Telecommunication & IoT. This Conference offers an opportunity for exchange of thoughts and authoritative views by chief scientists as well as business tycoons and investors in this stimulating field. Exceptional keynote speak...

5th International Conference On Wireless,Telecommunication&IoT
5TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WIRELESS,TELECOMMUNICATION&IOT
June 20-21, 2019
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of physical objects or "things" embedded with electronics, software, wireless sensors, and network connectivity, which enables these objects to collect and exchange data. The term is closely identified with RFID as the method of communication, alth...

ICIOT 2019
ICIOT 2019
June 25-30, 2019
With the rapid advancements of mobile Internet, cloud computing and big data, device-centric traditional Internet of Things (IoT) is now moving into a new era which is termed as Internet of Things Services (IOTS). In this era, sensors and other types of sensing devices, wired and wireless networks, ...

MWC Shanghai 2019
MWC SHANGHAI 2019
June 26-28, 2019
As we are entering a digital future, machines and humans are getting more connected and can communicate with each other; IoT was just a concept few years ago, but now it is reality. In 2018 massive IoT adoption will be deployed globally, and we expect to see more to come. With the rapid development ...

2nd Annual Pharma A and IoT 2019
2ND ANNUAL PHARMA A AND IOT 2019
July 10-11, 2019
Integrating AI, IoT, Cloud & Big Data Analytics in Pharma & Healthcare

Artificial Intelligence, Robotics & IoT
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, ROBOTICS & IOT
July 16-17, 2019
Conference Series llc Ltd warmly invites the Leaders, Researchers, Societies, Organizations, Students from the arena of  AI, Robotics & IoT to join us for the 2nd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Robotics  & Internet of Things 2019 (AI & IoT 2019) during May...

ICIOT 2027 : 29th International Conference on Internet of Things
ICIOT 2027 : 29TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INTERNET OF THINGS
June 04-05, 2027
The ICIOT 2027: 29th International Conference on Internet of Things aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results about all aspects of Internet of Things. It also provides the premier interdisciplina...

SPOTLIGHT

Join leading industry experts as they discuss the latest developments in IoT security and find out how IoT companies can leverage the capabilities of the SIM to enhance the security of their connected devices and solutions.

NOV 19, 2018 | 5:00 AM
VISIBILITY AND RISK IN THE IOT WORLD WITH NAC 3.0
In the rapidly changing threat landscape one of the top concerns for most organisations is the introduction of IOT. While some organisations have attempted to prevent the connection of these devices due to their lack or non existence of any security, many organisations and Enterprises have now reach...
NOV 20, 2018
INTERNET OF MEDICAL THINGS: HOW TO DESIGN AND DELIVER SECURE CONNECTED PRODUCTS
The Internet of Medical Things, or Healthcare IoT, refers to a connected infrastructure of medical devices and software applications that can communicate with various healthcare IT systems. Frost & Sullivan estimates that there were 4.5 billion IoMT devices in 2015, a number that they expect to ...
NOV 21, 2018 | 10:30 PM
INDUSTRY 4.0:HOW INDUSTRIAL COMPANIES CAN DRIVE BUSINESS VALUE TODAY.
The implementation of Industry 4.0 can help industrial companies gain competitive advantage by leveraging new digital technologies across the full value chain. IDC has predicted that by 2020, 60% of the top manufacturers will rely on digital platforms that enhance their investments in ecosystems and...
NOV 21, 2018 | 5:00 AM
TECHNOLOGY TRENDS 2019: 5 THINGS THAT WILL TRANSFORM DIGITAL BUSINESS NEXT YEAR
Too many aspiring digital businesses just aren’t set up correctly for digital transformation. They’re organised in silos around traditional functions instead of having a flexible network of teams that work on transforming key business processes. The focus of many digital transformation
DEC 12, 2018 | 10:00 AM
WHAT NEXT FOR MOBILE OPERATORS IN THE IOT?
With the growth of the Internet of Things, new roles are emerging for mobile operators. Join this webinar to hear senior operator speakers discuss how they are leveraging new enablers such as Edge Computing and Blockchain to maximise their value in the IoT ecosystem.
JAN 23, 2019 | 10:00 AM
SIM-PLY SECURE – LEVERAGING THE SIM TO CREATE A TRUSTED IOT
Join leading industry experts as they discuss the latest developments in IoT security and find out how IoT companies can leverage the capabilities of the SIM to enhance the security of their connected devices and solutions.
JAN 24, 2019 | 11:00 AM
IOT: WHERE IT IS, WHERE IT'S HEADED
Everybody knows IoT is the wave of the future. But what are successful organizations doing differently when it comes to their IoT initiatives? Are they saving more? Generating new revenue and lines of business? Or increasing operational efficiency and other metrics?  This webinar unveils the se...
INTERNET OF THINGS AND BIG DATA: VISION AND CONCRETE USE CASES
Starting with a keynote from the leading industry analysts at Machina Research, this webinar provides an introduction to the vision of using the potential provided by modern Big Data and NoSQL technologies in IoT applications. Three concrete IoT use cases will be discussed and the different requirem...
INTERNET OF THINGS WITH BOSCH: FROM CONCEPT TO CODE
A demonstration of an IoT application built with Bosch SI M2M and MongoDB, showcasing how the 5 key capabilities described in the first part of this webinar series can be implemented. MongoDB and Bosch Software Innovations have collaborated to build a powerful IoT application platform to support the...
CMS COMMERCIAL LAW GROUP - THE INTERNET OF THINGS
The CMS Commercial Law Group is delighted to invite you to the first webinar in the series of 2015. We will be discussing the opportunities and challenges presented by the increasing use of internet-connected “smart” devices. Although the 'Internet of Things' can provide everyday...
INTERNET OF THINGS WEBINAR ON SMART HOME!
After the massive success of previous DLA Piper’s Internet of Things webinars, here is our fourth one-hour webinar on the smart home. In this session, my DLA Piper colleagues John McKinley and Peter McLaughlin will provide an overview of the legal issues surrounding the development of technolo...
IOT: STANDARDS & TESTING, MEMS & SENSORS
This is the first in a series of webinars that will address issues related to the Internet of Things (IoT) and Connectedness. In this webinar, viewers will gain an understanding of: Why IoT, Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) and Sensors need common specifications and standards,The role of...