Article | June 28, 2023
Learn more about IoT data protocols and what makes them essential for a cohesive IoT ecosystem. This article will provide a detailed view of data protocols and their importance for modern businesses.
1 Significance of IoT Data Protocols for Business Operations
IoT ecosystems form an integral part of many businesses today, and IoT data protocols serve as the foundation for seamless communication and data exchange between connected devices. IoT protocols ensure the integrity and reliability of data, empowering businesses to make informed decisions, optimize operations, enhance productivity, and drive innovation. With standardized and secure IoT protocols and standards, companies can achieve efficient data transmission and allow for scalability across diverse IoT ecosystems. Understanding and leveraging the right protocols is essential for businesses to benefit from the full potential of their IoT investments and gain a competitive edge in today's interconnected world.
2 Understanding IoT Data Protocols
IoT data protocols are standardized rules and formats that ensure efficient and secure data transmission for efficient IoT communication. By adhering to established protocols such as MQTT, CoAP, and AMQP, businesses can maintain interoperability, scalability, and robust data transmission of IoT data, ensuring efficient data storage and management for their IoT ecosystem. This, in turn, empowers organizations to monitor and control critical processes in real-time and make informed decisions.
2.1 Role of IoT Data Protocols in the IoT Ecosystem
The seamless functioning of an organization's IoT ecosystem relies on the pivotal role played by IoT data protocols. These protocols, serving as the communication backbone, enable secure transfer and efficient data processing, thereby facilitating the seamless exchange of information within the IoT network. Consequently, businesses operating within the IoT sphere can harness the power of reliable data communication enabled by these protocols to unlock insights that drive innovation. IoT data protocols serve as the vital link that fuels the interconnected landscape of IoT devices, elevating the efficiency and efficacy of businesses as they navigate the complex web of IoT technologies and leverage its immense potential.
2.2 Overview of Common IoT Data Protocols
The IoT data protocols come with their own set of applications and challenges. Understanding each protocol's individual use cases will help businesses set up and scale their IoT device ecosystems.
MQTT (Message Queuing Telemetry Transport): MQTT is a lightweight and efficient protocol designed for low-power devices and unreliable networks. It uses a publish-subscribe model, making it ideal for IoT applications where bandwidth and power consumption are crucial factors, such as remote monitoring and control systems.
CoAP (Constrained Application Protocol): For resource-constrained IoT devices, CoAP is designed to enable smooth communication over the Internet. It uses a client-server model and is suitable for IoT applications where devices have limited processing power and memory, such as smart home automation, environmental monitoring, and healthcare systems.
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol): Although primarily designed for web applications, HTTP is also used in IoT systems for data transmission. The ubiquity and familiarity of HTTP make it a widely supported communication protocol. As a result, it is suitable for IoT devices that require high-level interoperability in applications that involve cloud integration, data analytics, and web-based control interfaces.
AMQP (Advanced Message Queuing Protocol): AMQP is a flexible messaging protocol ensuring reliable, secure, and interoperable communication between IoT devices and back-end systems. It supports both publish-subscribe and point-to-point messaging models, making it suitable for IoT scenarios involving complex routing, large-scale deployments, and enterprise integrations.
Zigbee: Zigbee is a wireless protocol designed specifically for low-power, short-range communication in IoT networks. It operates on the IEEE 802.15.4 standard and is known for its energy efficiency and mesh networking capabilities, leading to its widespread adoption in home automation, intelligent lighting, and industrial control systems.
3 Considerations for Choosing the Right IoT Data Protocol
Selecting a suitable IoT data protocol is essential to maintain smooth interoperability and a unified IoT ecosystem. Compatibility with existing infrastructure is crucial for seamless integration and cost-effective implementation. Security measures must also be robust to protect sensitive data from unauthorized access and potential breaches. Additionally, scalable and flexible data protocols in IoT are vital to accommodate future growth and evolving business requirements. Furthermore, the protocol's reliability and efficiency in transmitting data should align with the use case of IoT systems. Finally, considering the protocol's industry adoption and standardization level will also help minimize risks and enhance interoperability.
4 In Summary
IoT data protocols play a significant role in facilitating efficient and secure business operations within the IoT ecosystem. By learning more about the use cases of the most common protocols in the industry, businesses can consider factors such as compatibility, security, scalability, and reliability while choosing the most suitable option for their business. As IoT systems grow, more complex and reliable data protocols will emerge, paving the way for enhanced connectivity, interoperability, and transformative opportunities across various industries.
Article | May 11, 2023
Explore the IoT certifications and grow your skills with the transforming landscape. Including Iot security certifications, this curated list will help you to boost career in the IoT industry.
As the Internet of Things continues to expand its reach across industries, the need for robust security measures to safeguard connected devices and data has become paramount. With IoT systems' growing complexity and interconnectivity, organizations seek professionals with specialized knowledge and expertise in IoT security. In response to this demand, various certifications have emerged to validate individuals' skills and provide them with a competitive edge in the IoT industry. In this article, we will explore some key IoT security certifications that can significantly enhance one's career prospects and contribute to IoT solutions' safe and secure deployment.
1. IoT Security Certification and Cybersecurity
Intertek’s IoT Security Certification and Cybersecurity provides IoT certification and testing services to validate the security of connected products. Securing endpoints and ecosystems has become crucial with the rapid growth of the Internet of Things. Intertek's total quality assurance approach involves understanding the product, use cases, integration with other systems, and developing a roadmap to ensure compliance with industry standards and regulations. Their IoT security and cybersecurity experts guide clients in choosing the most relevant program for their product and target markets, instilling confidence in product security. Intertek offers services such as the Cyber Assured Program, vulnerability assessments, penetration testing, testing to standards like ANSI/UL 2900 and IEC 62443, connected medical device security, industrial automated control systems security (IEC 62443), and advisory services. Intertek's expertise helps clients address cybersecurity risks and ensure the security of their IoT products.
2. Securing IoT - Build secure IoT solutions: 2-in-1
The Securing IoT: Build Secure IoT Solutions: 2-in-1 course is a comprehensive training program designed to help IoT product designers, IoT product managers, IT security professionals, and security engineers build secure and robust Internet of Things systems. The course consists of 'Fundamentals of IoT Security' and 'Security Engineering for the IoT.' The learners will delve into IoT security architectures, regulations, and standards. Privacy concerns and Privacy by Design principles and practical examples of conducting Privacy Impact Assessments are addressed. Cryptographic solutions, identity and access management, and key management solutions are explored, along with the cloud's secure connectivity, processing, and storage of data. By the end of the program, participants will have the skills to identify threats to their organization's data and IoT systems, employing design techniques, applied cryptography, and secure cloud connectivity for robust security.
3. IOT Security Professional (ICIP)
The IoT Security Professional (ICIP) program offered by ISAC is designed to provide participants with a comprehensive understanding of cyberattacks on IoT and SCADA systems. The training focuses on offensive testing techniques to better understand and combat hack and malware attacks. Participants will learn about discovering sensitive devices, network hacking via IoT, hacking smart devices, and controlling SCADA systems. The program includes case studies on malware like WannaCry and Crash Override and defensive measures like threat intelligence and endpoint protection. The course suits security researchers, forensic investigators, security teams, law enforcement agencies, and military personnel. Successful completion of the program grants a Clean Exit Professional Ethics Certification and inclusion in the National Security Database.
4. Internet of Things Security Expert Training
The Internet of Things Security Expert course offered by Cognixia is a comprehensive training program designed for professionals seeking to enhance their knowledge of IoT security. The course covers various IoT security platforms and provides hands-on training with relevant tools. It consists of three major modules: python, advanced IoT training and certification, and IoT Security. The Python module familiarizes candidates with the versatile programming language and its applications in IoT development. The Advanced IoT Training and Certification module covers IoT ecosystems' architecture, development, deployment, and security with real-life case studies. The IoT Security module focuses on securing IoT devices, covering architecture, practical attacks, vulnerability disclosure, and securing connected products. The course offers lifetime access to learning materials and round-the-clock technical support.
5. IOT Analyst Certification
One of the online IoT certification courses, the IT Analyst Certification is a 12-month program that focuses on combining IoT with Analytics to unlock valuable data from connected IoT devices. The course comprises three courses covering data acquisition, exploratory analysis, cleaning, and final analysis for IoT systems. It also teaches how advanced analytics and machine learning algorithms can be applied to build complex IoT solutions. The program is suitable for students from all backgrounds, and no prior knowledge of analytics or IoT is required, although basic quantitative skills are beneficial. After completing the curriculum and passing the certification test, students receive the IOT Analyst Certification, enabling them to process and analyze data from IoT sensors and become proficient in IoT analytics. The certification opens up opportunities in the fast-growing Big Data and Analytics industry, where IoT analytics is widely applied to predict future technology trends.
6. IOT Professional Certification
The IOT Professional Certification offered by Jigsaw Academy is a comprehensive program designed to help individuals master the implementation of IoT using Arduino. This 12-month online iot certification course uses the Arduino platform to build IoT solutions from scratch. The program consists of four courses covering various IoT aspects, including sensor-connected devices and gateways. Students will engage in hands-on exercises, real-life case studies, and a capstone project to apply their knowledge effectively. Upon completion, students receive a certification that validates their skills in building and applying IoT solutions, setting up IoT Cloud for data storage and analysis, and proficiency in Arduino programming language. The IOT Professional Certification equips individuals with the necessary skills and knowledge to excel in the high-demand field of IoT and opens up better job prospects.
7. IoT and its Applications
TCS iON Digital Learning Hub offers the 'IoT and its Applications' certificate course, providing learners with a comprehensive understanding of the fundamentals of the Internet of Things. The course spans 5 to 6 months, delivered in English through digital lectures, e-learning resources, and community-based virtual classrooms. Through industry assignments and expert-led instruction, participants gain theoretical and practical insights into IoT applications. Upon completion, learners receive a verifiable digital certificate and gain industry-level skills required for test engineers or computer programmers. This course helps learners grasp IoT theories and practical applications, offering valuable career opportunities.
In an era where the Internet of Things is transforming industries and revolutionizing the way, we interact with technology, ensuring the security of IoT systems has become a critical imperative. The certifications discussed in this article represent a selection of key credentials available to professionals seeking to boost their careers in the IoT industry. By obtaining these certifications, individuals can validate their expertise in IoT security, demonstrating their commitment to upholding best practices and safeguarding the integrity of connected devices and data.
As the demand for IoT security professionals continues to rise, these certifications will serve as powerful assets, opening doors to exciting opportunities and positioning individuals as trusted experts in the ever-evolving field of IoT security. By investing in these certifications, professionals can take significant strides toward advancing their careers and contributing to the secure and responsible growth of the IoT ecosystem.
Article | October 11, 2023
Automation, interconnectivity, machine-learning, and real-time data are part of Industry 4.0, a new phase in the Industrial Revolution. Industry 4.0, which includes IIoT and smart manufacturing, combines physical production and operations with smart digital technologies. It creates a more holistic and linked environment for manufacturing and supply chain management organizations.
In today's production environment, "automation" has a new, more advanced meaning than it has in the past. Industry 4.0 refers to the necessity of lean, efficient operations and the function of sustaining and improving production. In contrast, IIoT distinguishes manufacturing gadgets from consumer products that can connect wirelessly to internal networks and the internet.
IIoT Powering the Fourth Industrial Revolution
Manufacturing, logistics, oil and gas, transportation, mining, aviation, energy, and other industries use the IIoT. Its main goal is to improve operations, mainly through process automation and maintenance. IIoT capabilities improve asset performance and allow for improved maintenance management. The introduction of Industry 4.0 technologies marked a significant milestone in the human-machine relationship's history. I4.0 was first talked about in 2011. Since then, it has proliferated because of new technologies such as cyber-physical systems, IT/OT convergence, AI/ML, Blockchain, and AR/VR.
Data is at the heart of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the main reasons behind this. The IoT is making a significant contribution in making businesses smarter and improving their workflows. Moreover, more data is being made and used by connected devices than ever before, from the home to the factory.
In order to thrive in the fourth industrial revolution, businesses must embrace new technologies. The general structure of IIoT applications is defined by standards-based industrial system architectures such as the Industrial Internet Consortium's Reference Architecture. Sensors and IoT devices, IoT middleware platforms, IoT gateways, edge/cloud infrastructures, and analytics applications are all part of the stack.
The Future of the IIoT
The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is primarily regarded as one of the most significant current and future trends influencing industrial companies.
To comply with new rules, industries are rushing to upgrade their systems, machinery, and equipment. This is necessary to keep up with market volatility and deal with disruptive technologies.
Safety, efficiency, and profitability have all improved dramatically in industries that have adopted IIoT. As IIoT technologies become more widely adopted, this tendency is projected to continue.
The fourth industrial revolution has drastically altered our perceptions of things in the workplace. At a rapid rate, capitalists are becoming more interested in sophisticated ideas.
The way forward is to embrace existing and emerging technology throughout fundamental operations to unleash more enticing possibilities. It emphasizes the importance of comprehending the impact collaborative ecosystems can have as well as how they will become a major differentiator for generating value with a better-trained workforce.
Article | December 16, 2021
Manufacturers were already digitizing their processes before March 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic gave IT and operational professionals in the manufacturing space reasons to want to move faster. Teams that can’t work on the factory floor (pandemic, weather, closed roads, etc.) need a way to monitor and control processes over the network. Supply chain woes—like wildly fluctuating demand and the container ship that blocked the Suez Canal—highlighted the need for agility. A skilled labor shortage has further accelerated plans for automation.
Digitization brings visibility and agility
The fourth industrial revolution, also known as Industry 4.0, lays the foundation of modern digital manufacturing. It brings together cyber and physical systems, automation, industrial IoT, and better vertical and horizontal integration.
The network has a starring role in digital manufacturing, connecting people and applications in any location to factory-floor assets like sensors, actuators, cameras, and industrial automation and control systems (IACS). Benefits of digitization include improved overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) uptime, product quality, worker safety, cybersecurity, 24/7 asset monitoring and faster new product introduction and accelerating plant buildouts.
Four essentials for manufacturing networks
As IT and operational professionals work to innovate traditional manufacturing facilities and operations, we must consider that digital manufacturing requires more networks. Here are guidelines for making sure your manufacturing network is up to the task.
Use network devices specifically designed for industrial environments like factories
In addition to high performance and reliability, industrial routers, switches, and firewalls need to withstand harsh environmental conditions like extreme temperatures, shock, vibration, and humidity. They also need to be able to control access, have support for real-time industrial protocols, and enable the flow of key operational data to move across applications in the cloud. Further, the operational networks they build need to be scalable and highly resilient. We designed our industrial routers and switches to meet these requirements.
Give IT and OT visibility and control into what they care about
The manufacturing network is a joint project of the IT and OT teams. If you’re on the IT team, you want a solution that works with your existing network management and security applications, and doesn’t require significant training or disruption. You want to automate network maintenance and quickly identify and solve performance issues, especially in this business-critical space. If you’re on the OT team, you’re probably not an IT expert. You want visibility of issues that impact availability, product quality, workforce effectiveness and straightforward recommendations to resolve them. Cisco DNA Center – proven in the largest IT networks – meets all these needs. It automates time-consuming manual tasks, continuously monitors network health, and provides reports and controls on an easy-to-use dashboard. Cisco Cyber Vision gives you visibility into assets and processes.
For agile manufacturing, look for “plug-and-play” deployment
Manufacturers are simultaneously expanding production, hyper-customizing products, improving operations, and launching new products and services. To achieve these goals, you need the agility to scale product capacity, change product mix, and reallocate resources as needed. Quickly shift networking and production resources where you need them using Cisco DNA Center’s plug-and-play onboarding and provisioning.
Pay careful attention to cybersecurity
Cybersecurity starts with knowing everything that is connected to your industrial network, who’s talking to each other and what they are saying. Cisco Cyber Vision automatically takes a complete inventory. OT teams use a graphical interface to create production zones (aka network segments) containing all assets that need to communicate. (The painting controller doesn’t need to talk to the assembly-line controller.) Cisco Identity Services Engine (ISE) deploys polices that block unintended communications between segments to keep malware infections from spreading. Cisco Cyber Vision also takes a baseline of each asset’s usual communications patterns, alerting OT and IT teams to unusual behavior that could be a sign of a security breach.
Prepare to do more with less
The manufacturing skills shortage has widened the skills gap, with fewer experts left on the plant floor to prevent mistakes and solve crises. Connecting your plant floor helps you do more with less. A resilient network with the four qualities I’ve described—rugged devices, IT and OT collaboration, simpler and agile network management, and cybersecurity—helps you proactively identify potential problems, discover the cause, and resolve them before they affect production or quality.