Article | May 11, 2023
As development teams race to build out AI tools, it is becoming increasingly common to train algorithms on edge devices. Federated learning, a subset of distributed machine learning, is a relatively new approach that allows companies to improve their AI tools without explicitly accessing raw user data. Conceived by Google in 2017, federated learning is a decentralized learning model through which algorithms are trained on edge devices. In regard to Google’s “on-device machine learning” approach, the search giant pushed their predictive text algorithm to Android devices, aggregated the data and sent a summary of the new knowledge back to a central server. To protect the integrity of the user data, this data was either delivered via homomorphic encryption or differential privacy, which is the practice of adding noise to the data in order to obfuscate the results.
Article | August 3, 2022
For businesses to grow, they must be armed with the right technology and implement the right strategies to get a high return on their investments. With an IoT strategy, you can successfully make sense of the high volumes of data generated. IoT is about having devices with sensors communicate with other devices over the internet and share real-time data or parameters to maintain healthy system processes. Sharing and transferring data in real time over the cloud creates a lot of data that needs to be carefully managed.
Not having a streamlined method to control and manage the volume of data to capture, send, transmit, and receive over the cloud poses many space constraints as the data piles up quickly. Furthermore, deciding what data to keep and what to discard, how long you need the data, and for what purpose are all critical. Some standard IoT devices include sensors, lights, alarms, and cameras that a smartphone can control.
Learn about the importance of data management in establishing an IoT framework below.
The Top Reason for Establishing an IoT Framework Needs Data Management
Learning from past data trends to make future decisions in an IoT framework is critical. Data management acts as a layer between the IoT devices generating the data and the software accessing the data for analysis and services. It helps review, analyze, and navigate the massive amounts of structured and unstructured data. Defining which actions trigger responses to create data in your process is necessary to monitor your product and services and to keep your customers satisfied. In an IoT framework, managing the large amounts of data that are generated and collected means learning from the past and predicting what will happen in the future.
Why is Data Management for the IoT Framework Crucial for Medium and Large Enterprises?
Creating a better product is essential to add more value to your product offerings and avoid recalls, keeping your brand reputation at stake. The more data, the deeper the analysis, and the more refined the product, the greater the need to manage large amounts of data efficiently.
The future of IoT data management is promising when it comes to improving all aspects of your business processes, mainly controlling the automation and manufacturing processes and software triggers. Check out the in-depth benefits of data management in IoT.
Data management in IoT helps conduct a field test of your IoT products before deployment.
Improve the uptime of your business production lines and equipment.
Perform seamless decision-making for planning, scheduling, and execution systems to meet the changing customer and market demands using accurate and current data.
Data management helps efficiently deploy IoT solutions such as enterprise resource planning (ERP), enterprise asset management (EAM), and manufacturing execution systems (MES) in manufacturing businesses.
Data management helps remote monitoring of automation systems and robotic systems in industrial IoT needs current data and management.
Improve production flexibility and responsiveness by welcoming smart manufacturing using IoT data management.
When it comes to the data management of IoT devices, different types of data management systems take care of structured and unstructured data.
8 Data Management Systems for Your Enterprise IoT Devices
IoT device management means registering, organizing, monitoring, and remotely managing IoT-connected devices at scale. Various cloud architectures with different data management systems help with efficient IoT device management. In addition, equipment data, sub-meter data, and environmental data help track the performance of your IoT devices through IoT data collection. Let's find out how data management systems for IoT devices would help develop an IoT strategy for your large enterprise.
IoT gateway device management involves many steps in keeping your operations healthy and maximizing uptime. These are provisioning, authentication, configuration, control, monitoring, diagnostics, software updates, and maintenance. In addition, data management systems aim to make data available for analysis in the long term. The different data management systems are as under:
Storage, updating and archiving
Processing or analysis.
These data management systems capture, organize, store, retrieve, and analyze data when required. Sorting out the data management in IoT will initiate your internet of things database scalability. An IoT data lifecycle is built around the data management systems in the data flow, which acts as guidelines or checkpoints for a smooth data flow across your IoT platform. Let us unfold them below.
Seven Guidelines for Cost-Effective IoT Data Management
• Querying: Accessing and retrieving data for temporary monitoring. For example, you could ask IoT devices or sensors for data in real time to learn more about trends and patterns.
• Production: Sensing and transferring data by the "things" or IoT devices in an IoT framework is the data production phase. Pushing the data to the cloud network and the IoT database servers and reporting it to the interested parties. This rich data has different formats such as audio, video, or image content, and is time-stamped and geo-stamped.
• Collection: Collecting and retrieving data for a predefined time interval and sharing it with the governing components within the gateways is a part of the collection. Filtering out valuable data and compressing it accordingly helps seamless data transfer. It is also a part of data collection.
• Aggression or fusion: Part of the aggression is real-time data transmission across the network to increase the rate of data streaming over the limited bandwidth. It pulls together information from different points of contact and reduces the amount of information that needs to be stored and sent.
• Delivery: Collating the data from multiple touch points across the IoT framework and summing it up for the final responses is a part of the data delivery management system. Making data ready for permanent data storage is also a part of it.
• Preprocessing: Removing redundant, missing, and incomplete data and making all the data unified is a part of preprocessing. Data cleaning is also one of the preprocessing methods applied to data mining.
• Storage, Update, and Archiving: Storing data in an organized way for long-term offline usage or big-data systems is a part of the storage data management system. It can be decentralized or centralized as per the required capabilities.
• Processing or Analysis: Retrieval of stored packets of data accessed for an efficient analysis is a part of data processing or analysis in a data management system.
Whenever handling large amounts of data, an efficient data management system will solve numerous problems concerning your IoT strategy, as discussed above. Find out exactly what can keep you from implementing IoT.
5 Growth Challenges in Data Management for IoT Technology
High Initial and Ongoing costs:
Upgrading the hardware and software infrastructure that is already in place, hiring IoT-trained staff, and building an IoT infrastructure will all require upfront and ongoing costs.
Your IoT security strategy is a critical aspect of your IoT platform strategy. Multiple data points for structured and unstructured data captured, transmitted, stored, and retrieved by software come with security risks.
Procuring Quality Hardware:
Finding compatible hardware for your requirements and building an infrastructure around them can take a while regarding decision-making for scalability. In addition, hardware must remain supportive of the quick adoption of future software innovations.
Installation and Upkeep of Hardware Infrastructure:
Setting up a complex IoT strategy with the implementation of IoT data management, infrastructure, security, and more takes time and expertise. One of the other big worries is keeping the hardware infrastructure in good shape so that security can't be broken.
Constraints on Scalability and Agility:
The humungous IoT data traffic poses a severe concern for appropriate control of the data storage, retrieval, analysis, monitoring, and everything aligned with IoT data management. Also, the fact that IoT data doesn't last as long as other types of data is a risk to the way data flows and is collected.
Now, let us figure out how to implement IoT that aligns with your business objectives.
How to Implement IoT in Line with Your Business Goals
A complete analysis of your immediate and long-term business objectives is critical as it helps decide which data to keep and which to discard after how much time. Every byte of data you hold and analyze comes with a cost for storage, retrieval, and security, which can be a barrier to implementing IoT for your business. Identifying IoT data collection helps you align your IoT implementation strategy with your business objectives. Here are a few ways to address your implementation of IoT.
Consider the use cases of IoT data management as per the processes involved in your business.
Implement security protocols for encryption and restricted access as per the type of business data.
Organize training for the existing workforce and hire skilled professionals in IoT.
Understand your business's data requirements, including the data collection process.
Allow enough budget for IoT infrastructure and resources.
Consider the design and development of the product as per the customer's behavior.
Consider the impact of the environmental conditions affecting your business.
Measure real-time performance metrics using a suitable IoT sensor to streamline your process.
Take automated decisions with the help of AI once IoT sensors recognize the performance gaps.
Choose the right IoT platform that defines how you communicate and handle data.
Understand that IoT implementation is a complex process and needs commitment.
Collect only the important data and statistics for a smooth workflow and to lower the cost of putting IoT into place.
Taking into account where your storage and production lines are located, choose the best ways to gather, organize, and analyze your data.
Use cold path analytics for the long term and hot path analytics for real-time data storage.
Building infrastructure with scalability in mind will help small businesses grab market share quickly and efficiently. As a result, medium-sized enterprises will find prominence in their industry. Using data visualization in business intelligence allows for rapid optimization of your IoT devices and for controlling data management costs in the long run without negatively impacting performance. Explore more about IoT data visualization down below.
Role of Data Visualization in IoT for Business Intelligence
With IoT data visualization, you can optimize business processes by applying visualization business intelligence to get your business ready to scale. Discover the role of data visualization in your IoT strategy.
Make sense of the data you've collected or saved.
Patterns and trends should be recognized.
Check the data for inconsistencies and errors. The output should then be visualized over time for analysis and monitoring.
IoT infrastructure and devices improve performance and streamline the IoT data flow.
Analyze real-time data correlations across multiple business verticals using the IoT communication platform.
Make future decisions based on the data captured in the past.
Get actionable insights on customer behavior and
Identify the factors impacting your business.
Once you identify the gaps in business processes, you can make changes to the process and further improvise. Creating an optimized workflow and detecting errors and faults in a process early are the primary goals of data management in an IoT strategy. Tackling vulnerabilities in data security and data redundancy helps the cost-effective implementation of IoT for small businesses, opening avenues for scalability. With IoT data management, you can also optimize your products to make customers happier and get a bigger share of the market, which is great for your business's growth.
With secure access control, encryption, software updates, endpoint security, and communication protocols in place, the relentless power of data visualization for analyzing and monitoring the captured data has proved to be unmatched. Bringing resilience and giving a rapid boost to the scalability of your medium and large enterprises is now becoming a norm with organized IoT data management.
• What is the most significant benefit of IoT?
IoT helps devices or sensors report real-time data for smooth interconnected production operations. In addition, IoT keeps healthy functions throughout and minimizes the turnaround time for troubleshooting and maintenance.
• What are the three types of IoT?
Depending upon the needs from time to time, the three types of IoT include short form, medium form, and long form. The short form meets immediate needs, the medium form meets future needs, and the long form keeps the system running smoothly.
• How does data analytics help IoT?
Effective process optimization is possible by analyzing the data generated in an IoT framework. It helps boost efficiency, and connectivity, cut costs and unlock scalability.
Enterprise Iot, Infrastructure
Article | May 31, 2023
Modern computing devices can be thought of as a collection of discrete microprocessors each with a dedicated function like high-speed networking, graphics, Disk I/O, AI, and everything in between. The emergence of the intelligent edge has accelerated the number of these cloud-connected devices that contain multiple specialized sub-processors each with its own firmware layer and often a custom operating system. Many vulnerability analysis and endpoint detection and response (EDR) tools find it challenging to monitor and protect devices at the firmware level, leading to an attractive security gap for attackers to exploit.
At the same time, we have also seen growth in the number of attacks against firmware where sensitive information like credentials and encryption keys are stored in memory. A recent survey commissioned by Microsoft of 1,000 security decision-makers found that 83 percent had experienced some level of firmware security incident, but only 29 percent are allocating resources to protect that critical layer. And according to March 2021 data from the National Vulnerability Database included in a presentation from the Department of Homeland Security’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Agency (CISA) at the 2021 RSA, difficult-to-patch firmware attacks are continuing to rise. Microsoft’s Azure Defender for IoT team (formerly CyberX) recently announced alongside the Department of Homeland Security a series of more than 25 critical severity vulnerabilities in IoT and OT devices
Article | December 16, 2021
Manufacturers were already digitizing their processes before March 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic gave IT and operational professionals in the manufacturing space reasons to want to move faster. Teams that can’t work on the factory floor (pandemic, weather, closed roads, etc.) need a way to monitor and control processes over the network. Supply chain woes—like wildly fluctuating demand and the container ship that blocked the Suez Canal—highlighted the need for agility. A skilled labor shortage has further accelerated plans for automation.
Digitization brings visibility and agility
The fourth industrial revolution, also known as Industry 4.0, lays the foundation of modern digital manufacturing. It brings together cyber and physical systems, automation, industrial IoT, and better vertical and horizontal integration.
The network has a starring role in digital manufacturing, connecting people and applications in any location to factory-floor assets like sensors, actuators, cameras, and industrial automation and control systems (IACS). Benefits of digitization include improved overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) uptime, product quality, worker safety, cybersecurity, 24/7 asset monitoring and faster new product introduction and accelerating plant buildouts.
Four essentials for manufacturing networks
As IT and operational professionals work to innovate traditional manufacturing facilities and operations, we must consider that digital manufacturing requires more networks. Here are guidelines for making sure your manufacturing network is up to the task.
Use network devices specifically designed for industrial environments like factories
In addition to high performance and reliability, industrial routers, switches, and firewalls need to withstand harsh environmental conditions like extreme temperatures, shock, vibration, and humidity. They also need to be able to control access, have support for real-time industrial protocols, and enable the flow of key operational data to move across applications in the cloud. Further, the operational networks they build need to be scalable and highly resilient. We designed our industrial routers and switches to meet these requirements.
Give IT and OT visibility and control into what they care about
The manufacturing network is a joint project of the IT and OT teams. If you’re on the IT team, you want a solution that works with your existing network management and security applications, and doesn’t require significant training or disruption. You want to automate network maintenance and quickly identify and solve performance issues, especially in this business-critical space. If you’re on the OT team, you’re probably not an IT expert. You want visibility of issues that impact availability, product quality, workforce effectiveness and straightforward recommendations to resolve them. Cisco DNA Center – proven in the largest IT networks – meets all these needs. It automates time-consuming manual tasks, continuously monitors network health, and provides reports and controls on an easy-to-use dashboard. Cisco Cyber Vision gives you visibility into assets and processes.
For agile manufacturing, look for “plug-and-play” deployment
Manufacturers are simultaneously expanding production, hyper-customizing products, improving operations, and launching new products and services. To achieve these goals, you need the agility to scale product capacity, change product mix, and reallocate resources as needed. Quickly shift networking and production resources where you need them using Cisco DNA Center’s plug-and-play onboarding and provisioning.
Pay careful attention to cybersecurity
Cybersecurity starts with knowing everything that is connected to your industrial network, who’s talking to each other and what they are saying. Cisco Cyber Vision automatically takes a complete inventory. OT teams use a graphical interface to create production zones (aka network segments) containing all assets that need to communicate. (The painting controller doesn’t need to talk to the assembly-line controller.) Cisco Identity Services Engine (ISE) deploys polices that block unintended communications between segments to keep malware infections from spreading. Cisco Cyber Vision also takes a baseline of each asset’s usual communications patterns, alerting OT and IT teams to unusual behavior that could be a sign of a security breach.
Prepare to do more with less
The manufacturing skills shortage has widened the skills gap, with fewer experts left on the plant floor to prevent mistakes and solve crises. Connecting your plant floor helps you do more with less. A resilient network with the four qualities I’ve described—rugged devices, IT and OT collaboration, simpler and agile network management, and cybersecurity—helps you proactively identify potential problems, discover the cause, and resolve them before they affect production or quality.