Moore’s Law is running out of steam and faster processing will no longer conceal the problems inherent in today’s networks. Router tables are getting too large and the Scope, Scale and Speed of Networks must increase dramatically. Internet Protocols and Architecture were designed in the era of narrowband networks. In 1978 when TCP was first modified to accommodate “all kinds of network interconnections” data rates on modems were generally 9.6 Kbps and widespread use of Ethernet was several years away. Many problems that have emerged over the last 30 years must now be addressed to deliver the promise of broadband networks for 2017, 5G and beyond.